Effect of Giving Several Types of Manure and Frequency of Watering PGPR on Growth and Yields of Sorghum Local (Sorghum Bicolor L.)

  • Stefania Kolo Faculty of Agriculture, The University of Timor
Keywords: Frequency of remarks, PGPR, Type of Manure, Sorgum bicolour L.

Abstract

An experiment was carried out using the type of manure and frequency of watering PGPR to increase the productivity and yield of sorghum plants (Sorghum bicolor L.). The research aims to determine the impact of growth and production of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.). By using the type of manure and frequency of PGPR irrigation. This research was conducted in the experimental garden of the Faculty of Agriculture, University of Timor, in January-April 2019, the design used was a factorial randomized 3x3x3 randomized block design with 3 replications. The first factor is the type of Manure (K) namely: Without Cow Manure (K0), Cow Manure (K1), Goat Manure (K2). The second factor is the frequency of watering PGPR (F) namely: Without watering PGPR (F0), twice watering (F1), three times watering (F2). Variance results (Anova) showed that without the administration of types of manure and without the frequency of watering PGPR interacted positively (P <0.05) in influencing the value of the harvest index. The main effect of single factor type of goat manure on average shows the best results that can be expressed in the form (lowest soil temperature, moisture content 42 and 180 HST highest, plant height 15, 45 and 75 HST highest, highest number of leaves 45 HST, stem diameter 45 of the largest HST, the heaviest dry weight per plant, the heaviest dry weight of 1000 seeds, the heaviest seed dry weight population, the lowest disease severity and the heaviest stover dry weight while the single factor of PGPR watering frequency did not show any significant difference between treatment levels.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Andrews, Mc,, Gina M,, Liebman, Mtt,, Cambardella, Cynthia A, Richard, Tom, L. 2006. Residual Effects of Composted and Fresh Soil Swine (Suscrofa L,) Manand ure (Glicine max (L,) Merr) Growth and Yield, Agron, J, 98,4 : 873-882.

Agu, Y. P. E. S. (2017) Desain Ulang Model Pengelolaan Lahan Kering Dataran Tinggi Berbasis Agroforestri Tradisional Di Pulau Timor (Kasus di Kecamatan Miomafo Barat, Kabupaten Timor Tengah Utara, NTT ). Tesis Program Pascasarjana Fakultas Kehutanan
Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta.

Annisa, W., A. Fahmi, dan A. Jumberi. 2007. Pengaruh pemberian Fosfat Alam
Asal Maroko Terhadap Pertumbuhan Padi Sawah di Lahan Sulfat Masam. J. Tanah Trop 12 (2): 85-91.

Brady, N. C. 1974. The Nature and Propertiesod Soils. The Mac Millan Company. New York.

Ceunfin,S., Neonbeni, E. Y., Nino, J., Agu,Y.P.E.S, Pareira, M.S., Seran,M.J., Metkono,M. dan Biamnasi M.Y . 2020. Pengaruh Biochar Dan Residunya Serta Umur Defoliasi Daun Jagung Terhadap Keuntungan Hasil Jagung Dan Beberapa Jenis Kacang Tipe Tegak
Secara Salome Dilahan Kering. Savana cendana 5 (1) 9-14.

Cattelan, A.J., Hartel, P.G. & Fuhrmunn, J.J. (1999). Screening for plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria to promote early soybean growth. Soil. Sci. Soc. Am. J, 63: 1670-1680.

Direktorat Budidaya Serealia. 2013. Kebijakan Direktorat Jenderal Tanaman Pangan dalam Pengembangan Komoditas Jagung, Sorgum dan Gandum. Direktorat Jenderal Tanaman Pangan. Kementrian Pertanian RI. Jakarta.

Diperta Provinsi NTT. Kupang. From http://www.diperta_ntt.go.id diakses tanggal 16 Desember 2015.

Fernando, M. E., Crowther, R. G., Pappas, E., Lazzarini, P. A., Cunningham, M., (2014). Plantar Pressure in Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy Patients with Active Foot Ulceration, Previous Ulceration and No History of Ulceration: A MetaAnalysis of Observational Studies. PLoS ONE 9(6): e99050. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.

Haas, D., dan Devago, G. 2005. Biological Control of Soil Borne Pathogens by Pseudomonas fluorescenst. Nature Reviews Microbiology. Vol.3. hal 307-319.

Indrasari, A dan A. Syukur. 2006. Pengaruh Pemberian Pupuk Kandang dan
Unsur Hara Mikro Pertumbuhan Jagung pada Tanah Ultisol yang Dikapur. Lampung. Skripsi. Institut Pertnian Bogor. Bogor. Hal: 75.

Kloepper, J.W.dan M.N Schroth. 1982.Plant Growth-Promoting Rhizobacteriaon Radishes In: Proceedings of the4th International Conferenceon Plant Pathogenic Bactera.Vol.2. Station dePathologie Vegetale et de Phytobacteriologie, INRA, Angers,France,pp. 879-882.

Mayadewi, Ari. (2007). Pengaruh Jenis Pupuk Kandang Dan Jarak Tanam Terhadap Pertumbuhan Gulma Hasil Jagung Manis. Agritrop, 26 (4) : 153-159 ISN.

Okonokhua, B. O., Ikhajiagbe, B., Anolifo, G. O., Emede, T. O. 2007. The Effect
of Spent Engine Oil on Soil Properties and Growth of Maize (Zea mays L.). J. Appl Sci Environ Manage. 11 (3): 147-152.

Prasetyo, B. H., dan D. A. Suriadikarta. 2006. Karakteristik, Potensi dan
Teknologi Pengelolaan Tanah Ultisol untuk Pengembangan Pertanian
Lahan Kering di Indonesia. Jurnal Litbang Pertanian 25 (2): 39-46.

Pietri, J. C. Aciego dan P.C. Brookes. 2008. Relationships Between Soil pH and
Microbial Properties in A UK Areable Soil. J. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 40: 1858-1861.

Rahni, N.M.2012. Efek Fitohormon PGPR Terhadap Pertumbuhan Tanaman Jagung (Zea mays). J Agribisnis dan Pengembangan Wilayah.3(2):27-35.

Subeni, 2000. Pengaruh Pengelolaan Tanah terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Enam Varietas Sorgum Manis. J. Ebryo.

Sutedjo, M.M., 2002. Pupuk dan Cara Pemupukan. Jakarta : Rineka Cipta.

Setyorini, D., R. Saraswati, dan Ea Kosman Anwar. 2006. Kompos. Balai Besar Litbang Sumber daya Lahan Pertanian. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian. Hal: 11 -38.

Supardi, Agus. 2011. Aplikasi Pupuk Cair Hasil Fermentasi Kotoran Padat Kambing Terhadap Pertumbuhan Tanaman Sawi (Brassica Juncea)
Sebagai Pengembangan Materi Mata Kuliah Fisiologi Tumbuhan. Skripsi : Program Studi Pendidikan Biologi FKIP Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta.

Herman Subagio dan Muh. Aqil., 2014., Perakitan dan Pengembangan Varietas Unggul Sorgum untuk Pangan, Pakan, dan Bioenergi., Iptek Tanaman Pangan Vol. 9 No. 1 2014.

Wardanah, T. 2007. Pemanfaatan bakteri perakaran pemacu pertumbuhan tanaman (Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria) untuk mengendalikan penyakit Mosaik tembakau (Tobacco Mosaic Virus) pada tanaman cabai. Skripsi.Fakultas Pertanian Institut Pertanian Bogor. Diakses tanggal 9 Mei 2012.

Wahyudi, I. 2009. Serapan N tanaman jagung Mays L.) akibat pemberian pupuk guano dan pupuk hijau lamtoro pada Ultisol. Agroland 16 (4): 265-272.

Wang, A. S., J. Scoot Angle., Rufus L. Chaney., Thierry A. Delome., and Maria McIntosh. 2006. Changes in Soil Biological Activities Under Reduced Soil pH During Thlaspi Caerulescens Phytoeextraction. J. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 38: 1451 -1461.

Whipps, J. 2001. Microbial interactions and biocontrol in the rhizosphere. Journal of Experimental Botany 52: 487-511.

Yuliarti, Nurheti. 2009. Pupuk organik, Penerbit Andi, Yogyakarta.
Published
2021-07-31
How to Cite
Kolo, S. (2021). Effect of Giving Several Types of Manure and Frequency of Watering PGPR on Growth and Yields of Sorghum Local (Sorghum Bicolor L.). Savana Cendana, 6(03), 36-39. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.32938/sc.v6i03.842
Section
Original research article