Combination of trichoderma and compost test on the formation of root nodule and production of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.)

  • Baso Amir The Faculty of Agriculture, Cokroaminoto Palopo University
  • Satria Dermawan The Faculty of Agriculture, Cokroaminoto Palopo University
Keywords: Root nodules, Trichoderma, Compost, Production

Abstract

Giving trichoderma and compost is one way to maximize the function of roots and nutrient availability to be absorbed by plants so that it affects plant growth and yield. This study aims to determine the effect of giving trichoderma and compost on the formation of root nodules and peanut crop yields. The study used a Randomized Block Design (RBD) method which consisted of 6 treatments that were repeated 4 times, so that there were 24 experimental units. The treatment consisted of P0: control (without trichoderma and compost); P1: trichoderma 40 grams + 1 kg of compost; P2: trichoderma 60 grams + 1 kg of compost; P3: 80 gram trichoderma + 1 kg of compost; P4: 100 gram trichoderma + 1 kg of compost; P5: 120 gram trichoderma + 1 kg of compost. The parameters observed were number of root nodules, number of active root nodules, number of inactive root nodules, number of pods per plant, pod weight per plant, number of empty pods, number of filled pods, and number of seeds per pod per plant. Observation data were analyzed using SAS software. Analysis using variance analysis (ANOVA) at 5% level. If the results of the analysis of variance showed that there were significant differences between treatments, the analysis was continued with Duncan's multiple range test (DMRT). The results showed that administration of trichoderma and compost with the highest dose (P5: trichoderma 120 gram+1 kg of compost) was among all the best treatments on the number of nodules. While the lowest dose of P1 (trichoderma 40 gram+1 kg of compost) gives the highest yield for the production component (number of pods per plant, pod weight per plant, number of filled pods, and number of seeds per pod per plant).

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Ardian, A. Mansyoer. 2009. Aplikasi Beberapa Dosis Tricho-kompos Untuk Meningkatkan Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Tanaman Selada (Lactuca sativa). Jurnal Online Universitas Riau. Volume 8 (2): 35-40.

Cornejo, C. H. A., L. MarciasRodrigues, C.Cortes-Penagos,And J. Lopez-Bucio. 2009. Trichoderma virens, a Plant Benefecial Fungus, Enhances Boimass Production and Promotes Lateral Root Growth Through an Auxin-Dependent Mechanism in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiol; 149 (3): 1579 - 1592.

Kasno A. 2005. Profil dan perkembangan teknik produksi kacang tanah di Indonesia. Seminar Rutin Puslitbang Tanaman Pangan. Bogor (ID): Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Pangan.

Lingga, P. 1995. Petunjuk Penggunaan Pupuk. Penebar Swadaya. Jakarta.

Ningrum, N.W. 2017. Manfaat mikoriza, trichoderma, beauvaria bassiana, rhizobium, bacillus sp. Direktorat jenderal tanaman pangan. Kementerian pertanian. Online (http://tanamanpangan.pertanian.go.id/index.php/forum/main/view/683). diakses pada 17 juli 2019.

Putra Utama, Andree Saylendara, Rudi Gugum Gunawar., 2015., Pengaruh Dosis Pupuk Hayati Trichoderma sp. Terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Tanaman Terung Ungu (solanum mengolena l.) Varietas hibrida., Jur.Agroekotek 7 (2).

Puspita F., dan T. T Nugroho. 2016. Karakterisasi Molekuler Trichokompos spp. Endofit dan Potensinya Sebagai Anti Fungi Jamur Ganoderma boninense Pat. Dan Pemacu Pertumbuhan Bibit Kelapa Sawit. Laporan Tahunan Penelitian Fundamental. Universitas Riau. Pekanbaru.

Riyan Syah Siregar, Cik Zulia, Safruddin., 2018., pengaruh pemberian dosis Trichoderma sp. Dan jenis pupuk kandang terhadap pertumbuhan dan produksi tanaman kacang panjang (vigna sinensis l)., BERNAS Agricultural Research Journal –Volume 14 No 2.

Simanjuntak. GL, Assa. B, dan Manueke. J. 2019. penggunaan trichokompos untuk pengendalian penyakit layu Sclerotium rolfsii (Sacc.) curzi pada tanaman kacang tanah (Arachis hypogaea L.). Program Studi Agroteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Sam Ratulangi Manado.

Schmidt, O. 2006. Wood and Tree Fungi, Biology, damage, Protection and Use, Springe. http:// [PDF]89 Pertumbuhan Agens Hayati Trichoderma. ojs unpatti. Diakses pada tanggal 17 Juli 2019.

Sinha, R.K., D. Valani, K. Chauhan, S. Agarwal. 2014. Embarking on a second green revolution for sustainable agriculture by vermiculture biotechnology using earthworms: reviving the dreams of Sir Charles Darwin. Int J Agric Health Saf. 1:50–64.

Sutanto, R. 2002. Penerapan Pertanian Organik, Pemasyarakatan dan Pengembangannya. Kanisius. Yogyakarta.

T. Surtiningsih, Farida and T. Nurhariyati,"Biofertilisasi Bakteri Rhizobium Pada Tanaman Kedelai (Glycine max (L) merr.),"Berk. Penel. Hayati. no. 15, pp. 31-35. 2009.

Vassey JK. 2003. Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria as Biofertilizers. Plant and Soil. 255:571-586.
Published
2019-10-31
How to Cite
Amir, B., & Dermawan, S. (2019). Combination of trichoderma and compost test on the formation of root nodule and production of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Savana Cendana, 4(04), 75-77. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.32938/sc.v4i04.834
Section
Original research article