Effect of biochar types on various cover crops growth and yield in intercropping with local maize (Zea mays L) varieties

  • Antonius Th. Metboki Faculty of Agriculture, The University of Timor
Keywords: Cover Crop, Biochar, Intercropping

Abstract

This study aimed to learn various types of biochar that affect on the growth and yield of cover crops plants in intercropping with local maize varieties, and to study the effect of cover crops plants on soil moisture content and bulk density. This research was conducted on January to July 2018 at the faculty of agriculture demo-plot, Universitas Timor. The intercroping study design used a Strip Plot Design. The first factor is the type of cover crops (C) consisting of 3 levels, i.e lima bean (Phaseolus lunatus) (C1), velvet bean (Mucuna pruriens) (C2), and red mung bean (Vigna anggularis L.) (C3). The second factor is the type of biochar (B) which consists of 4 (four) levels namely without biochar (B0), sawdust biochar (B1), rice husk biochar (B2), siam weed biochar (B3). The results showed that there was no interaction between the legume cover crops with the type of biochar. M. pruriens cover crops has highest soil coverage, lowest soil temperature, and able to maintain soil moisture better than other cover crops. V. angularis cover crops has highest yield productivity while the M. pruriens has not yet produced but had a great soil coverage and highest thicknes which is very well to used as soil cover crops.

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Published
2019-07-31
How to Cite
Metboki, A. (2019). Effect of biochar types on various cover crops growth and yield in intercropping with local maize (Zea mays L) varieties. Savana Cendana, 4(03), 55-59. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.32938/sc.v4i03.745
Section
Original research article