The effect of cow manure dose on growth and yield of maize (Zea mays L.) that intercropped with soybean (Glysine max (L.) Merril)

  • Wendalinus Leki Faculty of Agriculture, Timor University, Kefamenanu, Indonesia.
  • Maria Afnita Lelang Faculty of Agriculture, Timor University, Kefamenanu, Indonesia.
  • Roberto I. C. O. Taolin Faculty of Agriculture, Timor University, Kefamenanu, Indonesia. http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2194-1470
Keywords: cow manure, intercropping, maize, soybean

Abstract

This study aims to determine the effect of cow manure dosage on growth and yield of maize that intercropped with several varieties of soybeans. The experiment was conducted in the garden of Agriculture Faculty, Timor University using Factorial Random Block Design with three replications. The first factor is the dosage of cow manure which consists of three levels ie without fertilizer, 30 t / ha, and 40 t / ha. The second factor is soybean varieties consisting of three levels namely Davros, Willis and local. The results showed no interaction effect between dosage of cow manure and soybean varieties to all parameters observed. The dose of cow manure significantly influences the soil temperature of 75 days after planting (DAP), a moisture content of 50 DAP, stem diameter 25 DAP, number of seeds per line, dry weight of 100 seeds, dry weight of seed per plot and harvest index. Soybean varieties significantly affect the number of rows per corncob, the number of seeds per line and the dry weight of seeds per plot. Cow manure 40 t / ha is better dosage and Local varietal soybean is more suitable for intercropping with maize that yields 1.0 t / ha and 0.7 t / ha soybeans. 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Anonim, 2005. Kadar Lengas Tanah. [Internet]. Diakses 12 Mei 2015. Tersedia pada http://missouryuniversity.com.

BPS [Badan Puast Statistik]. 2011. NTT dalam angka. Kupang.

Dinas Pertanian Tanaman Pangan. 2010. Pemasaran Dalam Mendukung Peningkatan Produksi Tanaman Pangan. Dinas Pertanian Tanaman Pangan Provinsi NTT.

Gomez K A dan Gomez A A. 1995. Prosedur Statistik untuk Penelitian Pertanian, Edisi ke 2. UI Press. Jakarta.

Herlina. 2011. Kajian Variasi Jarak dan Waktu Tanam Jagung Manis Dalam Sistem Tumpangsari Jagung Manis (Zea mays saccarata Sturt ) dan Kacang Tanah (Arachis hypogeal L.). [Tesis]. Pogram Pascasarjana Universitas Andalas. Padang.

Hsieh, S.C, Hsieh C. F. 1990. The use of organic matter in crop production. Paper Presented at Seminar on “The Use of Organic Fertilizer in Crop Production“ at Soweon. South Korea. 18-24 June 1990.

Jumin, H. B. 1997. Dasar-dasar Agronomi. Raja Grafindo Persada. Jakarta.

Nasution, M. 2004. Diversifikasi Titik Kritis Pembangunan Pertanian Indonesia. Pertanian Mandiri. Penebar Swadaya. Jakarta.

Noor, A. dan Ningsih, R.D. 1998. Upaya meningkatkan kesuburan dan produktivitas tanah di lahan kering. Dalam. Prosiding Lokakarya Strategi Pembangunan Pertanian Wilayah Kalimantan. Instalasi Penelitian dan Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian. Banjarbaru.

Poerwowidodo. 1995. Metode Selidik Tanah. Usaha Nasaional.Surabaya

Suprapto, H. 1998. Bertanam kedelai. Swadaya. Jakarta.

Taufiq, T.M.M. dan Novo. I. 2004. Kedelai, Kacang Hijau dan Kacang Panjang. Absolut Press. Yogyakarta.

Warsono, R. 1998. Pengolahan lahan kering. Makalah yang disampaikan pada SeminarNasional II Bididaya Lahan Kering. Dalam rangka Dies Natalis XV Unhalu. Kendari.
Published
2016-01-15
How to Cite
Leki, W., Lelang, M., & Taolin, R. (2016). The effect of cow manure dose on growth and yield of maize (Zea mays L.) that intercropped with soybean (Glysine max (L.) Merril). Savana Cendana, 1(01), 17-23. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.32938/sc.v1i01.4
Section
Original research article