Composition with Different Biochar Compositions and Soil Use for Planting Some Types of Lokal Beans on The Growth and Production of Peanut (Arachis hypogeae L.) in Dry Land Entisol in The Second Year

  • Auxilia Nahak Faculty of Agriculture, The University of Timor
Keywords: Arachis hipogeae L., Biochar Compost, Residue

Abstract

This study aims to determine the effect of compost residue with biochar composition and the use of soil used for planting several types of lokal beans and their interaction on the growth and yield of peanuts (Arachis hypogeae L.) in Entisol dry land in the second year. This research in February – June 2020 at the Experimental Field of the Faculty of Agriculture, University of Timor. This study used a 4x3 Randomized Block Design (RAK) which was repeated three times. The first factor is compost residue (K) consisting of 4 (four) levels, namely: No Compost (K0), Pure Compost, 25% Biochar, 50% Biochar. The second factor is the entisol soil that has been planted with lokal beans (T) which consists of 3 (three) levels, namely: Land without planting lokal beans, string beans, rice beans, so that there are 12 treatment combinations + 6 control land units so there are 36 units. experimental unit. The results showed that there was no interaction between the treatment of residues of biochar composition and the type of lokal bean residue on the growth and yield of peanuts. Treatment of residues of 25% biochar composition was able to increase the growth and yield of peanut plants which showed high parameters. the highest plant weight was 100 seeds, seed weight per plot, plant fresh weight, plant dry weight, and harvest index. Treatment of lokal bean residue type, namely rice beans, was able to increase root length, number of root nodules, dry weight of stover and garden seed weight.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Agus Eva, Mong Hoo Lim, Lifeng Zhang, David L. Sedlak 2011, Odorous Compounds in Municipal Wastewater Effluent and Potable Water Reuse Systems, Environmental Science & Technology. 45 (21), 9347-9355

Baronti, S., Vaccari, F.P., Miglietta, F., Calzolari, C. Lugato, E., Orlandini, S., Pini, R., Zulian, C., Genesio, L. 2014. Impact of biochar application on plant water relations in Vitis vinifera L. Europ. J. Agron. 53:38-44.

Biederman, L. A., Harpole, W. T. 2013., Biochar and its effects on plant productivity and nutrient cycling: a meta-analysis. GCB Bioenergy. 5: 202214.

Buntoro, B.H., Rogomulyo, R. & Trisnowati, S. (2014) Pengaruh Takaran Pupuk Kandang dan Intensitas Cahaya terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Temu Putih (Curcuma zedoaria L.). Vegetalika. 3 (4), 29-39.

Berek A. K., Tabati P. O., Keraf U. U., Bere E., Taekab R., Wora A. 2017. Perbaikan Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Kacang Tanah di Tanah Entisol Semiarid melalui Aplikasi Biochar. Savana Cendana 2 (3) 56-58.

Ceunfin, S., Prajitno, D., Suryanto, P. & Putra, E.T.S. 2017. Penilaian Kompetisi dan Keuntungan Hasil Tumpangsari Jagung Kedelai di Bawah Tegakan Kayu Putih. Savana Cendana, 2(01): 1–3.

Ding, Y., Liu, Y., Liu, S., Li, Z., Tan, X., Huang, X., Zeng, G. 2016. Biochar to improve soil fertility. A review. Agron. Sustain. Dev. 36: 2-18.

Downie, A., Munro, P., Grosky, A. 2009. Characterization of biochar-physical and structural properties. In:

Foth, H.D. 1994. Dasar Dasar Ilmu Tanah. Gadjah Mada University press. Yogyakarta.

Gardner, F.P., Pearce, R.B., Mitchell, R.L. 1991. Physiology of Crop Plants. Diterjemahkan oleh Susilo, H. Jakarta. Universitass Indonesia Press.

Gomez K. A. & Gomez A. A., 2010. Prosedur statistic untuk penelitian. Edisi 2. Jakarta: UI Press.

Hadisumitro, L.M. 2002. Membuat Kompos. Jakarta: Penebar Swadaya

Hanafiah, K.A., Napoleon A., dan Ghoffar N. 2005. Biologi Tanah: Ekologi dan Makrobiologi Tanah. Raja Grafindo Persada, Jakarta.

Kammann, C.I., Linsel, S., Gößling, J.W., Koyro, H-W. 2011. Influence of biochar on drought tolerance of Chenopodium quinoa Willd and on soil– plant relations. Plant Soil. 345: 195-210.

Lehmann, J. 2007. Bioenergy in the black. Frontiers in Ecology and then Environment 5: 381 -387.

Lehmann, J. & M. Rondon. 2006. Biochar soil management on highly weathered soils inthe humid tropics. p: 517-530 In Biological Approaches to Sustainable Soil Systems.

Lehmann, J., Rillig, M.C., Thies, J., Marsiello, C.A., Hockaday, W.C., Crowley, D. 2011. Biochar effects on soil biota e A review. Soil Biol. Biochem. 43: 1812-1836.

Marsono., Sigit, P. 2001. Pupuk Akar, Jenis dan Apliksi. Penebar Swadaya, Jakarta

Mia, S., Van Groenigena, J.W., van de Voorde, T.F.J., Orama, N. J., Bezemer, T.M., Mommer, L., Jeffery, S. 2014. Biochar application rate affects biological nitrogen fixation in red clover conditional on potassium availability. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 191: 83–91

Morgan, L. 2000b. The pH Factor In Hydroponics, p.47-51. In Amy Knutson (ed). The Best of The Growing Edge. New Moon Publ. Inc. Corvallis

Nocita Marco, Antoine Stevens, Bas van Wesemael, Matt Aitkenhead, Martin Bachmann, Bernard Barthès, Eyal Ben Dor, David J. Brown, Michael Clairotte, Adam Csorba, Pierre Dardenne, Jose A.M. Demattê, Valerie Genot, Cesar Guerrero, Maria Knadel, Luca Montanarella, Carole Noon, Leonardo Ramirez-Lopez, Jean Robertson, Hiro Sakai, Jose M. Soriano-Disla, Keith D. Shepherd, Bo Stenberg, Erick K. Towett, Ronald Vargas, Johanna Wetterlind, Chapter Four - Soil Spectroscopy: An Alternative to Wet Chemistry for Soil Monitoring, Editor(s): Donald L. Sparks, Advances in Agronomy, Academic Press, Volume 132.

Random, M.A., Lehmann J., Ramírez, J. Hurtado M. 2007. Biological nitrogen fixation by common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) increases with bio-char additions. Biol. Fertil. Soils. 43:699–708

Sitompul, M dan B.Guritno. 1995. Analisis pertumbuhan tanaman. Gadjah Mada University Press. Yogyakarta.

Suryaningrum R, E Purwanto & Sumiyati (2016). Analisis pertumbuhan beberapa varietas kedelai pada perbedaan intensitas cekaman kekeringan. Agrosains 18 (2), 33 – 37.

Suwardjono. 2004. Pengaruh Beberapa Jenis Pupuk Kandang Terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Kacang Tanah. Http//www.ut.ac.id/jmst/jurnal/suwardjono/pengaruh.htm. Diakses 12 September 2004.

Soil Survey Staff. 2014. Keys to soil taxonomy. USDA. USA.

Wang, J., Xiong, Z., Kuzyakov, Y. 2016. Biochar stability in soil: meta-analysis of decomposition and priming effects. GCB Bioenergy. 8: 512-523.
Published
2021-10-31
How to Cite
Nahak, A. (2021). Composition with Different Biochar Compositions and Soil Use for Planting Some Types of Lokal Beans on The Growth and Production of Peanut (Arachis hypogeae L.) in Dry Land Entisol in The Second Year. Savana Cendana, 6(04), 61-65. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.32938/sc.v6i04.1264
Section
Original research article