Breaking Dormance of Local Chilli (Capsicum frutescens L.) Seed Origin, Insana Tengah District, Timor Tengah Utara Regency with Plant Growt Promoting Rhizobacteria Application

  • Ladianus Nahak Faculty of Agriculture, The University of Timor
Keywords: Capsicum frutescens L., PGPR, Dosage, Duration of soaking

Abstract

This study aims to determine the response of the seeds to the treatment used and the appropriate time of soaking the seeds for local cayenne pepper seeds. This research was carried out in August-September 2020 in the laboratory of the Faculty of Agriculture, Timor University, Sasi Village, Kefamenanu City District, TTU Regency. The design used in this study was a completely randomized design (RAK) with a factorial pattern. The first factor was the dose of PGPR which consisted of 3 treatments, namely without control PGPR, PGPR 25 g/5 L and PGPR 50 g/5 L. The second factor was the immersion time which consisted of 3 immersions namely 90 minutes immersion, 120 minutes immersion and 150 minutes immersion. There were 9 treatment combinations which were repeated 3 times so that in total there were 27 experimental units. The results showed that the response of local cayenne pepper seeds to the PGPR dose and immersion time showed no interaction but an interaction occurred in the parameter of Maximum Growth Potential. The treatment without PGPR (Control) gave the best results and was significantly different from the PGPR treatment on the vigor index observation parameter, the dry weight of normal sprouts while the other observation parameters were not significantly different. The treatment of PGPR soaking time for chili seeds was not significantly different except for the vigor index observation parameter with a soaking time of 90 minutes and the dry weight observation parameter of normal sprouts which was not significantly different from the soaking time of 120 minutes.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Alif, S. (2017). Kiat Sukses Budidaya Cabai Keriting. Yogyakarta: Bio Genesis.

A’yun KQ (2013) Pengaruh Penggunaan Plant Growth Promoting Rizobakteria Terhadap Intensitas TMV (Tobacco Mosaic Virus), Pertumbuhan, Dan Produksi Pada Tanaman Cabai Rawit (Capsicum frutescens L.) J HPT 1(1):47-56.S

Azad, MS, Zedan-Al-Musa, M & Matin, MA 2010, Effects of pre-sowing treatments on seed germination of Melia azedarach, Journal of Forestry Research, 21(2):193–196.

Baskin, C.C. dan Baskin. J.M. 2005. Dormansi Benih di Pohon-pohon dari Jenis Vegetasi Tropis Klimaks. Ekologi Tropis 46 (1): 17-28.

Barchenger, D.W. and P.W. Bosland. 2016 Exogeneus applications of capsaicin inhibits seed germennation of capsicum annum. Sciientia Horticulturae (203):29-31.

Cahyono, Bambang. (2003). Cabai Rawit Teknik Budi Daya dan Analisis Usaha Tani. Yogyakarta : Kanisius.

Danuarti 2005. Analisis Benih. Kanisius. Yogyakarta.

Ekawati, M. 2006. Pengaruh Media Multipikasi Terhadap Pembentukan Akar dan Tunas in Vitro Nenas (Ananas Comosus L merr) cv. Smooth Cayeene pada Media Penangkaran. Skripsi Jurusan Budidaya Pertanian. Fakultas Pertanian. Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Figueiredo, Seldin, Araujo dan Mariano. 2010. Rhizobacteria Mempromosikan Pertumbuhan Tanaman: Dasar-Dasar dan Aplikasi. Mikrobiologi Monografi 18: 21-43.

Hardi, T, TW. 2005. Daya kecambah dan Daya Tumbuh Biji Sengon Yang Disimpan Selam Tiga Belas Tahun Dalam tempat Penyimpanan Dingin Kering. Wana Benih, 6 (1) :82-125. Pusat Penilitian dan pengembangan Hutan Tanaman, Yogyakarta

Ilyas. 2012. Kinerja, Teori, Penilaian san Penelitian. Jakarta: Pusat Kajian Ekonomi Kesehatan FKM Universitas Indonesia.

Jäkel, N., & M. Witzler. 2018. Influence of germination aids on germination of different Capsicum sp. American Journal of Experimental Agriculture. 20(3): 1-7.

Justice, Oren L dan Bass, Luis N. 2002 Prinsip dan Praktek Penyimpanan Benih. Jakarta: PT. Raga Grafindo Persada.

Khalimi K dan G. N Alit Susanta Wirya. 2009. Pemanfaatan plant growth promoting rizobakteria untuk biostimulan dan bioprotektan. ECOTROPHIC. 4(2):131-135.

Krishnamoorthy, H.N. 1981. Substansi pertumbuhan tanaman termasuk aplikasi dalam pertanian. Tata Mc. Graw Hill, Publishing Co. Ltd., New York. 50 p

Lensari, D. 2009. Pengaruh Pematahan Dormansi terhadap Kemampuan Perkecambahan Benih Angsana (Pterocarpus indicus Will.). Skripsi. Departemen Silvikultur. Fakultas Kehutanan. Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor.

Mousavi, SR, Rezaei, M & Mousavi, A 2011, A general overview on seed dormancy and methods of breaking it, Advancesin Environmental Biology, 5(10):3333–3337.

Oedjijono, U. W. Lestanto, E.K. Nasution dan Bondansari.2012. Pengaruh Azospirilium spp. Terhadap pertumbuhan Tanaman Jagung (Zea mays L.) dan Kemampuan Beberapa Isolat Dalam Mengahasilkan IAA. Dalam Prosiding Seminar Nasional.

Olmez, Z., F. Temel., A. Gokturk dan Z. Yahyaoglu. 2007. Pengaruh Asam Sulfat dan Pretreatment Stratifikasi Dingin terhadap Perkecambahan Pomeganate (Punica granatum L). J. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences 6 (2): 427-43.

Quintaro, M. F. C., G.C. Oscar, D.S. Pablo, M.S. Jose, I.G.C. Ana, dan M.G.P. Jose. 2018. Improving dormancy and germantioan of piquin chili peper (Capsicum annunm var. glabriusculum) by priming techniques. J Coget Food & Agriculture. 4(1): 1-14

Rahni, N.M .2012. Efek Fitohormon PGPR Terhadap Pertumbuhan Tanaman Jagung (Zea mays). J Agribisnis dan Pengembangan Wilayah.3(2):27-35.

Rahayu A. 2013. Viabilitas dan vigor benih aren (Arenga pinnata) akibat pematahan dormansi melalui skarifikasi secara fisik dan kimia [skripsi]. Banda Aceh (ID): Universitas Syiah Kuala.

Sadjad, S. 1993. Dari Benih kepada Benih. Jakarta: PT. Gramedia

Sadjad, S. 1994. Metode Uji Langsung Viabilitas Benih. Bogor. IPB.

Sandi ALI, Indriyanto, Duryat. 2014. Ukuran benih dan skarifikasi dengan air panas terhadap perkecambahan benih pohon kuku (Pericopsis mooniana). J. Sylva Lestari. 2 (3): 82-92.

Schimint, L. 2000. Pedoman Penanganan Tanaman Hutan tropis dan Suptropis. Derektorat Jendral Rehabilitasi Lahan dan Perhutanan Sosial. Departemen Kehutanan. Buku. Gramedia. jakarta. 185 p.

Siginingsih, 2014. Pengaruh perlakuan awal terhadap kecepatan perkecambahan dan prosentase kecambah benih kemiri. (jurnal online) diakses pada minggu, tanggal 17-10-2019.

Sombalatu.I., Irvan.L., Evi.R. 2017. Lama penyimpanan terhadap perkecamabahan benih cabai rawit. Jurnal Biology science dan Education. Makasar. 6(2):138-147.

Sutopo, L. 2004. Teknologi Benih. CV Rajawali. Jakarta.

Sitompul, S. M. dan Guritno, B. 1995. Analisis Pertumbuhan Tanaman. UGM Press: Yogyakarta.

Spaenen, S., J. Vanderleyden., Y. Okon. 2009. Plant Growth-Gromoting Actions of Rhisobacteria. Adv Botl Res 51: 283-320.

Tefa, A. 2017. Uji Viobilitas dan Vigor Benih Padi (Oryza Sativa L.) Pada Tingkatan Kadar Air Yang Berbeda. Jurnal Pertanian Konservasi Lahan Kering 2(3):48-50.

Van Loon LC. 2007. Plant responses to plant growth-promotingrhizobacteria. Eur J Plant Pathol 119:243-254

Winarni E. 2010. Daya berkecambah benih tanjung pada berbagai kadar air benih. Jurnal Hutan Tropis. 11 (30) : 12-24.
Published
2021-10-31
How to Cite
Nahak, L. (2021). Breaking Dormance of Local Chilli (Capsicum frutescens L.) Seed Origin, Insana Tengah District, Timor Tengah Utara Regency with Plant Growt Promoting Rhizobacteria Application. Savana Cendana, 6(04), 57-60. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.32938/sc.v6i04.1239
Section
Original research article