The Physicochemical Profile of Feun Kase (Thevetia Peruviana) Oil As A New Feedstock For Renewable Energy

  • Jefry Presson Faculty of Agriculture, The University of Timor
  • Yohana Ivana Kedang Faculty of Agriculture, The University of Timor
  • Suwari Suwari Faculty of Sciences and Engineering, University of Nusa Cendana
Keywords: Renewable energy, Biodiesel, Thevetia peruviana, Feun Kase, Dryland


The depletion of world fossil energy has led to the development of renewable energy from vegetable oils, including Feun Kase with abundant vegetable oils. The main focus of this research was to identify the physicochemical properties and to explore the potential of Indonesian Feun Kase (Thevetia peruviana) oil as renewable energy. Feun Kase oil has been isolated by press and soxhlet method. The soxhlet (66.32% weight) provided a higher yield than the press (25.58% weight). The oil yielded was directly tested for the physicochemical test according to SNI 7182: 2015 (Indonesian National Standard). The parameters in this research were water content, acid number, saponification number, iodine value, density, viscosity, cetane number, flash point, and cloud point. The GCMS profile showed the presence of several fatty acids such as hexadecenoic acid (palmitic acid), 9,12−octadecadienoic acid (linoleic acid), 9−octadecenoic acid (oleic acid), and octadecenoic acid (stearic acid). Although there was no conclusion in terms of biodiesel, this research could give the report as the basic information that revealed the potential of Feun Kase oil. Several tests revealed that Feun Kase oil can be used as the feedstock for biodiesel. Unlike palm oil, the non-edible oil of Feun Kase does not compete with the food sector. Thus, it indicated that Feun Kase oil is a very competitive feedstock for renewable energy.


Download data is not yet available.


A Ibiyemi, S., Fadipe, V., O Akinremi, O., Bako, S. (2002) Variation in Oil Composition of Thevetia Peruviana Juss ‘Yellow Oleander’ Fruit Seeds, Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management. doi: 10.4314/jasem.v6i2.17178.

Agarwal, M., Singh, K., Upadhyaya, S., Chaurasia, S. (2012) Potential vegetable oils of Indian origin as biodiesel feedstock — An experimental study, Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research.

Ajanovic, A. (2011) ‘Biofuels versus food production: Does biofuels production increase food prices?’, Energy. Elsevier, 36(4), pp. 2070–2076.

Anguebes, F., Córdova-Quiroz, A., Griselda, C., Aguilar, C., Castillo-Martínez, G., Cerón-Bretón, R., Ruíz-Marín, A. Montalvo, C. (2016) ‘Optimization of Biodiesel Production from African Crude Palm Oil ( Elaeis guineensis Jacq) with High Concentration of Free Fatty Acids by a Two-Step Transesterification Process’, Open Journal of Ecology, 06, pp. 13–21. doi: 10.4236/oje.2016.61002.

Ayetor, G., Sunnu, A. and Parbey, J. (2015) ‘Effect of biodiesel production parameters on viscosity and yield of methyl esters: Jatropha curcas, Elaeis guineensis and Cocos nucifera’, Alexandria Engineering Journal, 54. doi: 10.1016/j.aej.2015.09.011.

Dehghan, L., Golmakani, M.-T. and Hosseini, S. M. H. (2019) ‘Optimization of microwave-assisted accelerated transesterification of inedible olive oil for biodiesel production’, Renewable Energy, 138, pp. 915–922. doi:

E Atabani, A. Silitonga, A., Mahlia, T.M.I., Masjuki, H.H., Badruddin, I. (2011) Calophyllum inophyllum L. as a potential feedstock for bio-diesel production.

Energy, U. S. D. (2019) Monthly Biodiesel Production Report. Washington DC: U.S. Energy Information Administration.

Guil-Laynez, J. L., Guil-Guerrero, J. L. and Guil-Laynez, Á. (2019) ‘Bioprospecting for seed oils in tropical areas for biodiesel production’, Industrial Crops and Products, 128, pp. 504–511. doi:

Kumar, A., Sharma, A. and Upadhyaya, K. C. (2016) ‘Vegetable Oil: Nutritional and Industrial Perspective’, Current genomics. Bentham Science Publishers, 17(3), pp. 230–240. doi: 10.2174/1389202917666160202220107.

Mekhilef, S., Siga, S. and Saidur, R. (2011) ‘A review on palm oil biodiesel as a source of renewable fuel’, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 15, pp. 1937–1949. doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2010.12.012.

Ni, S., Zhao, W., Zhang, Y., Gasmalla, M.A.A., Yang, R. (2016) ‘Efficient and eco-friendly extraction of corn germ oil using aqueous ethanol solution assisted by steam explosion’, Journal of food science and technology. 2016/04/21. Springer India, 53(4), pp. 2108–2116. doi: 10.1007/s13197-016-2189-9.

Rotimi, D. (2016) ‘Effect of the temperature on dynamic viscosity, density and flow rateof some vegetable oils’, Journal of Scientific Research in Engineering & Technology, 1, pp. 14–24.

Singh, K., Agrawal, K.K., Mishra, V., Uddin, S.M., Shukla, A. (2012) A Review on Thevetia peruviana, International Research Journal of Pharmacy.

Tokgoz, S., Zhang, W., Msangi, S., Bhandary, P. (2012) ‘Biofuels and the Future of Food: Competition and Complementarities’, Agriculture, 2, pp. 414–435. doi: 10.3390/agriculture2040414.

Veljković, V. B., Biberdžić, M. O., Banković-Ilić, I. B., Djalović, I. G., Tasić, M. B., Nježić, Z.B., Stamenković, O. S. (2018) ‘Biodiesel production from corn oil: A review’, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 91, pp. 531–548. doi:

Verma, P. and Sharma, M. (2015) ‘Performance and Emission Characteristics of Biodiesel Fuelled Diesel Engines’, International Journal of Renewable Energy Research, 5.

Zheljazkov, V. D., Vick, B.A., Baldwin, B.S., Buehring, N., Astatkie, T., Johnson, B. (2009) ‘Oil Content and Saturated Fatty Acids in Sunflower as a Function of Planting Date, Nitrogen Rate, and Hybrid’, Agronomy Journal. Madison, WI: American Society of Agronomy, 101, pp. 1003–1011. doi: 10.2134/agronj2009.0011.
How to Cite
Presson, J., Kedang, Y., & Suwari, S. (2021). The Physicochemical Profile of Feun Kase (Thevetia Peruviana) Oil As A New Feedstock For Renewable Energy. Savana Cendana, 6(01), 11-15.
Original research article