Technical Efficiency Analysis of shallot Farming in Bima Regency- NTB Province Using the Cobb-Douglas Stochastic Frontier Production Function

  • Muhammad Nursan Faculty of Agriculture, University of Mataram
  • Nurtaji Wathoni Faculty of Agriculture, University of Mataram
Keywords: Technical Efficiency, Production Function, Cobb Douglas Stochastic Frontier, Shallot Commodity

Abstract

Bima Regency is the center for the development and production of the largest shallot commodity in NTB Province. However, the productivity of shallots in Bima Regency still needs to be increased in order to achieve maximum production. The purpose of this study is to analyze the factors that influence shallot farming and to analyze the technical efficiency of farmers in conducting shallot farming. Bima Regency is the research area determined by purposive sampling because it is the center of shallot development in NTB Province. The research data was taken by conducting interviews with 35 respondents who were determined by proportional sampling. Then the data obtained were analyzed using the Cobb Douglas Stochastic Frontier production function approach using the Frontier 4.1 software program. Based on the results of the analysis, it was found that the production factor of the number of seeds, urea fertilizer and labor had a significant effect on the production of shallots at the alpha level of 5 percent while pesticides and KCL fertilizers had a significant effect on the production of shallots at the alpha level of 15 percent. The level of technical efficiency of onion farming in Bima Regency is classified as efficient because it has a value of 0.9569. Farmers can still improve efficiency in onion farming by optimizing the use of superior seeds, labor, balanced fertilizer application, and increasing farmers' skills in adopting innovation and using onion cultivation technology.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Astuti, T. L. W., Daryanto, A., Syaukat, Y., & Daryanto, H. K. (2020a). Efficiency Analysis of Shallot Farmer in Brebes , Central Java. International Journal of Research and Review, 7(11), 551–558.

Astuti, T. L. W., Daryanto, A., Syaukat, Y., & Daryanto, H. K. (2020b). Risk Behavior Analysis of Shallot Farmer Production In Brebes, Central Java, Indonesia. American Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Research (AJHSSR), 4(5), : 273-281.

Baswarsiati, Tri, S., Kuntoro, B., & Sudarmadi, P. (2015). Pengembangan Varietas Bawang Merah Potensial dari Jawa Timur: Inovasi Hortikultura Pengungkit Peningkatan Pendapatan Rakyat (IAARD Press (ed.)). Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan Republik Indonesia.

BPS. (2019). Ringkasan Eksekutif Pengeluaran dan Konsumsi Penduduk Indonesia Berdasarkan Hasil Susenas September 2019. Badan Pusat Statistik Republik Indonesia.

BPS. (2020). Statistik Hortikultura. Badan Pusat Statistik Republik Indonesia.

BPS NTB. (2021). Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Barat Dalam Angka Tahun 2021 (Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Barat (ed.)).

Fadwiwati, A. (2013). Pengaruh penggunaan varietas unggul terhadap efisiensi, pendapatan dan distribusi pendapatan petani jagung di Provinsi Gorontalo. Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Junaidi, M., Hindarti, S., & Khoiriyah, N. (2020). Efisiensi Dan Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Produksi Bawang Merah (Di Desa Tawangsari Kecamatan Pujon Kabupaten Malang). Seagri :Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Dan Agribisnis, 8(2), 69–82.

Kementerian Pertanian. (2015). Rencana Strategis Kementerian Pertanian Tahun 2015-2019. Kementerian Pertanian Republik Indonesia.

Lawalata, M., Darwanto, D. H., & Hartono, S. (2015). Efisiensi Relatif Usahatani Bawang Merah di Kabupaten Bantul dengan Pendekatan Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA). Ilmu Pertanian, 18(1), 1–8.

Monica, E., Hartati, A., & Wijayanti, I. K. E. (2021). Efisiensi Teknis Usahatani Bawang Merah pada Lahan Pasir di Kecaamatan Adipala Kabupaten Cilacap. Jurnal Pertanian Agros, 23(1), 134–147. https://e-journal.janabadra.ac.id/index.php/JA/article/view/1287

Musafiri, I. (2016). Effects of Population Growth on Smallholder Farmers’ Productivity and Consumption in Rwanda: A Long-term Analysis. Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, 12(4), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajaees/2016/27693

Mutiarasari, N. R., Fariyanti, A., & Tinaprilla, N. (2019). Analisis Efisiensi Teknis Komoditas Bawang Merah di Kabupaten Majalengka, Jawa Barat. Jurnal AGRISTAN, 1(1), 31–41.

Napitupulu, D., & Winarto, L. (2010). Pengaruh Pemberian Pupuk N dan K terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Bawang Merah. J. Hort, 20(1), 27–35. https://doi.org/10.24014/ja.v10i1.5628

Nurjati, E., Fahmi, I., & Jahroh, S. (2018). Analisis Efisiensi Produksi Bawang Merah di Kabupaten Pati dengan Fungsi Produksi Frontier Stokastik Cobb-Douglas. Jurnal Agro Ekonomi, 36(1), 15–29. https://doi.org/10.21082/jae.v36n1.2018.55-69

Nursan, M. (2015). Efisiensi dan Daya Saing Usahatani Jagung Pada Lahan Kering dan Sawah di Kabupaten Sumbawa [Institut Pertanian Bogor]. https://repository.ipb.ac.id/handle/123456789/74832

Nursan, M., Hartoyo, S., & Anna, F. (2014). Technical efficiency of dry and wetland maize farming in Sumbawa Regency. International Seminar on Agricultural Finance for Rural Development and Sustainability 2014, 363–372.

Nursan, M., & Septiadi, D. (2020). Penentuan Prioritas Komoditas Unggulan Peternakan di Kabupaten Sumbawa Barat. Jurnal Agribisnis Dan Ilmu Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian, 5(1), 29–34.

Prayoga, A. (2010). Produktivitas dan Efisiensi Teknis Usahatani Padi Organik Lahan Sawah. Jurnal Agro Ekonomi, 28(1), 1–19.

Sarlan, M. (2020). Analisis Efisiensi Penggunaan Faktor-Faktor Produksi Pada Usaha Tani Bawang Merah di Kecamatan Pringgabaya Kabupaten Lombok Timur. Journal Ilmiah Rinjani (JIR) Media Informasi Ilmiah Universitas Gunung Rinjani, 8(2), 132–142.

Seran, A., & Taena, W. (2019). Tingkat Penerapan Teknologi Pertanian dan Strategi Pengembangan Budidaya Bawang Merah (Allium cepa. L) di Desa Tes Kecamatan Bikomi Utara Kabupaten Timor Tengah Utara. Agrimor, 4(3), 29–33. https://doi.org/10.32938/ag.v4i3.671

Sugiyono. (2014). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif Kualitatif dan R&D. Alfabeta.

Susanti, H., Budiraharjo, K., & Handayani, M. (2018). Analisis Pengaruh Faktor-Faktor Produksi Terhadap Produksi Usahatani Bawang Merah Di Kecamatan Wanasari Kabupaten Brebes. Agrisocionomics: Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian, 2(1), 23–30. https://doi.org/10.14710/agrisocionomics.v2i1.2673

Tinaprilla, N., Kusnadi, N., Sanim, B., & Hakim, D. (2013). Analisis Efisiensi Teknis Usahatani Padi di Jawa Barat Indonesia. Jurnal Agribisnis, 7(1), 15–34.

Tristya, H., Murniati, K., & Affandi, M. I. (2018). Efisiensi Teknis Usahatani Bawang Merah di Kecamatan Ketapang Kabupaten Lampung Selatan. JIIA, 6(3), 222–228. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.23960/jiia.v6i3.313-318

Waryanto, B., Chozin, M. A., Dadang, & Putri, E. I. K. (2014). Environmental Efficiency Analysis of Shallot Farming : A Stochastic Frontier Translog Regression Approach. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare, 4(19), 87–100.

Wiguna, G., Hidayat, I. M., & Azmi, C. (2016). Perbaikan Teknologi Produksi Benih Bawang Merah Melalui Pengaturan Pemupukan, Densitas, dan Varietas. Jurnal Hortikultura, 23(2), 137. https://doi.org/10.21082 jhort.v23n2.2013.p137-142
Published
2021-10-31
How to Cite
Nursan, M., & Wathoni, N. (2021). Technical Efficiency Analysis of shallot Farming in Bima Regency- NTB Province Using the Cobb-Douglas Stochastic Frontier Production Function. AGRIMOR, 6(4), 155-162. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.32938/ag.v6i4.1439
Section
Original research article