Rice Value Chain Sustainability

  • Fitriani Fitriani State Polytechnic of Lampung
  • Cholid Fatih State Polytechnic of Lampung
  • Sutarni Sutarni State Polytechnic of Lampung
  • Fembriarti Erry Prasmatiwi University of Lampung
Keywords: Agroindustry, Rice, Agri-Food, Value Chain, Smes

Abstract

Understanding the linkage of a product flows along the commodity chain is important as the starting point in determining a sustainability strategy. The scope of the rice commodity value chain in this study involves farmers' rice production, small-scale rice mills and the home industry of rice milling. The study aims to identify commodity chains of rice in Lampung Province. The primary data from the rice processing industry and rice trading using a questionnaire guidance. The purposive sampling method is used by considering the rice milling business's representation related to the commodity chain. Qualitative analysis of the pattern of relations between business actors carried out with the agri-food value chain approach. The pattern of chain starts from the process of transforming raw materials into the manufactured and the final product until it reaches the end consumers. The commodity chain involved the flow of production, information (price and marketing chain), and income flow. Generally, there are 3-5 rice flour milling units in the village, with a 50-120 kg/month production volume. The average price of rice flour is Rp. 12,500/kg. The ability to supply paddy grain for milling is 2-5 tons/agent/week. Rice mills generally have 2-6 suppliers of fixed paddy grain. Information on product flow diagrams includes product types, ease of obtaining goods, time dependence, and ease of selling goods. Information on paddy grain prices on the supplier line is an average of Rp 4,500/kg. The price of rice in the distribution line to the wholesale rice trader is Rp. 8,500. Meanwhile, the income stream provides information on the value of rice production revenue of 59.7 tons per month attaint to Rp 40.3 million with a profit amount of Rp 318/kg.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Ahumada, O., & Villalobos, J. R. (2009). Application of planning models in the agri-food supply chain: A review. European Journal of Operational Research, 196(1), 1–20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejor.2008.02.014.

De Araujo, M., & Nubatonis, A. (2016). Analisis Produksi dan Pemasaran Usahatani Padi Sawah di Desa Tualene Kecamatan Biboki Utara Kabupaten Timor Tengah Utara. Agrimor, 1(03), 55–56. https://doi.org/10.32938/ag.v1i03.262.

Fagioli, F. F., Rocchi, L., Paolotti, L., Słowiński, R., & Boggia, A. (2017). From the farm to the agri-food system: A multiple criteria framework to evaluate extended multi-functional value. Ecological Indicators, 79(April), 91–102. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2017.04.009.

Fauzan, M. (2020). Efisiensi Ekonomi Usahatani Padi Lahan Kering di Kabupaten Lampung Selatan. Agrimor, 5(3), 45–47. https://doi.org/10.32938/ag.v5i3.1018.

Fitriani. (2017). Climate Changing Impact on Rice Production. JoFSA, 1(1), 41–46.

Fitriani, Ismono, H., & Rosanti, N. (2011). Produksi dan tataniaga beras di propinsi lampung. J-SEP, 5(1), 1–11.

Fitriani, Sutarni, Ismono, H., & Haryono, D. (2014). Kinerja Sub Sektor Tanaman Pangan pada Sektor Pertanian Lampung. In J. H. M. S. Muslimin, T. A. D. Nugroho, G. W. F. Rohmah, L. F. L. P. H. Perwitasari, & Diterbitkan (Eds.), Prosiding Seminar Nasional Kedaulatan Pangan dan Pertanian (pp. 212–220). Yogyakarta: Jurusan Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Faperta UGM.

Henson, S., & Humphrey, J. (2015). Review of Agri-Food Value Chain Interventions - Assessing the Effectiveness of Agri-Food Value Chain Interventions Aimed at Enhancing Consumption of Nutritious Food by the Poor: Conceptual Framework. LANSA Working Paper Series, 2015(04), 1–27. Retrieved from http://lansasouthasia.org/sites/default/files/LANSA_Pillar_2_2_Conceptual_Framework_feb.pdf.

Howieson, J., Lawley, M., & Hastings, K. (2016). Value chain analysis: an iterative and relational approach for agri-food chains. Supply Chain Management: An International Journal, 21(3), 352–362. https://doi.org/10.1108/SCM-06-2015-0220.

Irawan, B., & Friyatno, S. (2002). Dampak Konversi Lahan Sawah Di Jawa Terhadap Produksi Beras Dan Kebijakan Pengendaliannya. SOCA, 2(2), 1–33.

Lim-Camacho, L., Crimp, S., Ridoutt, B., Ariyawardana, A., Bonney, L., Lewis, G., … Nelson, R. (2016). Adaptive value chain approaches Understanding adaptation in food value chains. Australia.

Mustapha, Y. I. (2016). Value Chain Analysis and the Performance of Small Scale Agri-business : Evidence from Cultured Fish Farmers Kwara State. JOURNAL OF MARKETING DEVELOPMENT (JMD), 1(August 2017), 85–102.

Rueda, X., Garrett, R. D., & Lambin, E. F. (2017). Corporate investments in supply chain sustainability: Selecting instruments in the agri-food industry. Journal of Cleaner Production, 142, 2480–2492. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.11.026.

Siregar, A. P., Oktaviana, N., & Tarsilohadi, E. R. (2020). The Development of Rice Field Area in Special Region of Yogyakarta. SOCA: Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian, 14(3), 557–571. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.24843/SOCA.2020.v14.i03.p16.

Wahyunindyawati, Fernandes, A. A. R., & Andri, K. B. (1998). Model regresi time series untuk peramalan pertumbuhan permintaan beras. SOCA, 11(1).

Zakaria, W. A. (2007). Analisis Cadangan Beras Masyarakat di Provinsi Lampung. SOCA, 9(2), 178–184.
Published
2021-01-31
How to Cite
Fitriani, F., Fatih, C., Sutarni, S., & Prasmatiwi, F. (2021). Rice Value Chain Sustainability. AGRIMOR, 6(1), 27-33. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.32938/ag.v6i1.1240
Section
Original research article