The effect of plant population on growth and yields of local maize (Zea mays L.) on dryland farming areas

  • Eduardus Yosef Neonbeni Faculty of Agriculture, Timor University
  • I Gusti Ayu Mas Sri Agung Faculty of Agriculture, University of Udayana
  • I Made Suarna Faculty of Annimals Husbandry, University of Udayana
Keywords: Populasi tanaman, varietas lokal, Zea mays L., lahan kering

Abstract

The decrease of maize yields on dryland farming areas could have resulted from the effects of strong competition between plants in a population due to an inappropriate number of plants, corn variety, and limited growth factors. The use of the right number of plants hole-1 and variety is expected to increase corn seed yield. The results showed that in the population 285,714 plants ha-1, the yield of seeds weighing 7.78 g cob-1 at 12% moisture content and 7.73 ton ha-1 at oven-dry weight, produced by local varieties of the hill. This result indicates that the two factor of treatment did not have an effect on maize yield. The population treatment of 285,714 plants ha-1 yielding seeds weighing 135.23 g plant-1 dry weight oven and 7.73 ton ha-1 on oven dry weight. The local varieties of Bukit produced seeds weighing 90.20 g plant-1 at 12% and 5.13 t ha-1 moisture content on oven dry weight, potentially developed in dryland especially in Mumbul Park area, South Kuta in a population of 285,714 plant ha-1 (4 plants per hole).

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Published
2019-04-12
How to Cite
Neonbeni, E., Agung, I., & Suarna, I. (2019). The effect of plant population on growth and yields of local maize (Zea mays L.) on dryland farming areas. Savana Cendana, 4(01), 9-11. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.32938/sc.v4i01.298
Section
Original research article